The practice of controlling the number of children one has and the intervals between their births, particularly by means of contraception or voluntary sterilization.
There are many different types of contraception available in India ranging from emergency, hormonal and barrier methods to long-acting or permanent contraception.
What methods of contraception are available?
- long-acting reversible contraception, such as an implant, or an intra uterine device
- hormonal contraception such as contraceptive pills-“the pill”, the injection and vaginal rings
- barriers methods, such as condoms and diaphragms
- fertility awareness
- emergency contraception
- permanent contraception, such as vasectomy and tubal ligation.
What is long-acting reversible contraception?
Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) is a contraceptive that lasts for a long time. You don’t need to remember it every day or even every month.
- an intrauterine device (IUD) that lasts five or more years.
- an implant under the skin that lasts either three or five years.
These types of contraception last longer so are more effective at preventing pregnancy because you don’t have to worry about forgetting pills or a condom breaking orcoming off.
They are “fit and forget” contraception.
What are hormonal contraception?
“The pill” is one of the most popular contraceptive methods.
The pill comes in two forms:
- combined oral contraceptive pill
- progestogen-only contraceptive pill
Both are taken daily and over 99% effective at preventing
pregnancy when taken correctly.
The Depo provera injection and the vaginal ring are other forms of hormonal contraception. The injection lasts three months and the vaginal ring is changed every month.
What are barrier methods?
- male condoms
- female condoms
Condoms protect against sexually transmissible infection (STIs) as well as unwanted pregnancy.
A diaphragm (with spermicide) is inserted into a woman’s vaginal before intercourse. It must always be used with spermicide.
What is fertility awareness?
Fertility awareness is recognizing signs of fertility in a woman’s menstrual cycle. It can be used to understand your own menstrual cycle, plan a pregnancy or avoid a pregnancy.
What is emergency contraception?
In Ahmadabad we have two options for emergency contraception-the emergency contraceptive pill (ECP) or a copper IUD.
- you haven’t used protection
- your normal contraception fails e.g. condom splits
- you have missed more than one contraceptive pill
- you have been vomiting or had diarrhoea while on the pill
- you have missed your injection
- you have been forced to have sex without contraception.
What is permanent contraception?
Permanent contraception is sterilization that permanently prevents pregnancy. The procedure for men is a vasectomy and for woman it is tubal ligation.
Open method of tubal ligation
Laparoscopic tubal ligation